Gorgi Krlev

DPhil in Social Impact Measurement


What is social impact and how can we get hold of it? – The conceptual and empirical advancement of an emergent concept (revised working title)

Research abstract

The research addresses the subject of social impact. Its measurement at present lacks theoretical grounding and is dominated by a focus on (socio-)economic measures, whereas genuinely social aspects like the strengthening of social cohesion, the enhancement of participation or the reduction of conflict face relative neglect.


The thesis lays out how to address the prevalent misfit. Conceptually it proposes to study social impact from the stance of social productivity, an idea that connects to but moves beyond capability-based measures in welfare economics. Specifically, it is argued that social impact is best grasped by accounting for the formation of durable capital assets. These will be operationalized and tested empirically.


Professor Jonathan Michie, Director of the Department for Continuing Education

Professor Alex Nicholls, Professor in Social Entrepreneurship at Said Business School



Gorgi has started his individual DPhil project at the University of Oxford in Michaelmas 2013 and is a member of Kellogg College. He has studied Business Administration and Anglo-American studies in Mannheim and Bordeaux and holds an MSc from the University of Mannheim, with majors in international management and finance. Gorgi is a research associate at the Centre for Social Investment (CSI) at the University of Heidelberg since 2011 and has been involved in a variety of major EU research projects, including: TEPSIE, INNOSERV and currently ITSSOIN.


  • Anheier, H. K., & Krlev, G. (2014). Welfare Regimes, Policy Reforms, and Hybridity - Introduction to the Special Issue. American Behavioral Scientist, 58(11), 1395-1411. doi: 10.1177/0002764214534669
  • Krlev, G., Bund, E., & Mildenberger, G. (2014). Measuring what matters—Indicators of social innovativeness on the national level. Information Systems Management, 31(3), 200–224. doi:10.1080/10580530.2014.923265
  • Krlev, G., Münscher, R., & Mülbert, K. (2013). Social Return on Investment (SROI): State-of-the-Art and Perspectives: A Meta-Analysis of practice in Social Return on Investment (SROI) studies published 2000-2012. CSI Report.

Research interests

  • Social impact measurement and rating
  • Social investment
  • Social innovation
  • Governance, leadership and strategic management
  • Hybrid organizations
  • Social entrepreneurship